API concepts

Basics

Pryv supports any type of timestamped data, modeling individual pieces as events (things that happen) and contextualizing them into streams and tags (the context in which the events happen).

Storage can be decentralized: you access each user account on the specific server hosting its data (e.g. https://{username}.{domain}/). There can be as many servers as there are accounts.

Users collect, manipulate and view events on their account (or other users' accounts) via apps, which are granted access to the parts of user data they need (e.g. specific streams). Apps can interoperate provided they support the same event types and are granted access to the same data.

Stored data is all private by default. Users share data by explicitly opening read-only or collaborative accesses to specific parts of their data (Accesses).

User accounts

User accounts represent people or organizations that use Pryv as data subjects. Each account is identified by either a Pryv username or the URL of its corresponding API root endpoint. An account's data usually contains account settings (e.g. credentials, profile), events, contexts (streams, tags) and accesses.

Servers

Each user account is served from one root API endpoint on a Pryv server; one server can host one or more accounts. Server hosts can be chosen depending on privacy/legal context and other technical constraints. Data for each account is stored individually, i.e. separately from other accounts.

Events

Events are the primary units of content in Pryv. An event is a timestamped piece of typed data, possibly with one or more attached files, belonging to a given context. Depending on its type, an event can represent anything related to a particular time (picture, note, location, temperature measurement, and so on).

The API supports versioning, allowing to retrieve all previous versions of a specific event, necessary for audit activities. It is also possible for events to have a duration to represent a period instead of a single point in time.

See also standard event types.

Streams

Streams are the fundamental contexts in which events occur. Every event occurs in at least one stream. Streams follow a hierarchical structure—streams can have sub-streams—and usually match either user/app-specific organizational levels (e.g. life journal, work projects, etc.) or data sources (e.g. apps and/or devices).

System streams

System streams are the predefined structure of streams. It is loaded from the config and is not saved in the database. It could not be edited using streams API endpoints.

Before each account stream id would see a dot. Current default streams include .account and .helpers streams and there will be more with future features.

To filter all events that belong to the system-streams, you can filter the events streamIds and search for the dot before each stream id.

Tags

(DEPRECATED) Please use streamIds instead.

Tags can provide further context to events. Each event can be labeled with one or more tags. Each tag can be no more than 500 characters in size.

HF series

High-frequency series are collections of homogenous data points. They should be used when the structure of the data doesn't change and when a high volume of data at possibly high speeds (O(1Hz)) is expected.

You can read more about the HF series data structure through the preview reference.

Accesses

Custom applications can access Pryv user accounts via accesses. Each access defines what data it grants access to and how.

Accesses can be made to expire after some time; see the expireAfter and expires attributes for more information.

Accesses cannot be updated, to change Access properties it should be revoked with accesses.delete and re-created with accesses.create. The token can be preserved if provided during creation.

For security reason, unless explicitly indicated by the permission { "feature": "selfRevoke", "setting": "forbidden"} all accesses can be used to revoke (delete) themselves. In very specific cases, for example when a token is distributed publicly the selfRevoke feature should be set to forbidden.

Entreprise License & Open-Source License

Pryv.io is released under two licenses:

  1. Open-Pryv.io: Is distributed freely under BSD-3-Clause
  2. Pryv.io Entreprise: Is distributed under a commercial license and comes with more features. In the API documentation these features are indicated with a Ylabel. For more information about Pryv.io Entreprise edition, visit pryv.com